When shopping for diamonds, most people tend to gravitate towards the traditional colourless diamond, but diamonds are discovered in a wide variety of colours! These diamonds are classified as “Fancy Coloured Diamonds” and come in 27 different colour hues.
Yellow diamonds are the second most common fancy coloured diamond in the world and are known to symbolize the sun, purity, energy, life, joy and love. Yellow diamonds are the most popular of the fancy coloured diamonds and can be seen featured in celebrity engagement rings such as Heidi Klum and most recently, Kelly Clarkson.
The colour of a yellow diamond is caused by the presence of the element Nitrogen during the formation of the diamond. Most of the world’s intense yellow diamonds are discovered in the Ellendale Mine located in Western Australia. The largest yellow diamond known today is the Incomparable, weighing 407.48 carats!!
Did you know that a black diamond gets its colour from dark inclusions/impurities? (The ones we try to avoid in colourless diamonds) Black diamonds have a negative stigma attached to them because of their colour. But, a black diamond can mean sophistication. Black diamonds have very few sources; making the larger carats rare, reflecting in their price. Typically, black diamonds originate from Brazil and Central African Republic. The largest Black diamond is the Spirit of Grisogono, weighing 312.24 carats.
In the days of “Bennifer”, Ben Affleck proposed to Jennifer Lopez with a 6.1 carat pink diamond ring, beginning the trend of the pink diamond engagement ring. Natural pink diamonds are rare and do not come cheap!
The infamous 24.78 carat “Graff Pink” diamond sold at auction for $46 million. The Australia Argyle Diamond Mine produces the most pink diamonds in the world. Their pink colour is said to be caused by colour graining (results from structural irregularities and impurities within the crystal).
FUN FACT: One million carats of rough pink diamond yield only ONE carat of cut pink diamond; no wonder why they are pricey.
Natural blue diamonds are exceptionally rare and are said to mean peace, spirituality and good health. The blue colour originates from the element Boron; a blue diamond can also take on a greyish blue tint due to Hydrogen being present during the forming process. The famous blue diamond (45.52 carat – The Hope Diamond) was discovered in India. Did you know, infamous blue diamond featured in the film Titanic “Heart of the Ocean” is actually a replica of the stone! Who knew?!
Have you even seen a green diamond? They are hard to come by, must be why they are second to red as worlds rarest fancy coloured diamond. A diamond is classified as green when it is exposed to radiation during the formation process. For most green diamonds, the colour is only a surface colour. Only a small percentage of diamonds turn fully green. Green diamonds are typically mined in the Golconda Mine in India, which is where the world famous Dresden Green was found.
A red diamond is truly a rare find! These coloured diamonds are so rare in fact that there are less than twenty natural certified red diamonds throughout the world. To date, there is not a red diamond that weighs more than 5.11 carats (Moussaieff Red) and only three in existence that weigh over 5 carats. Funny enough, one of these rare diamonds was mistaken for a Ruby! How a red diamond get its colour has been a mystery for centuries, but are thought to originate the same way as pink diamonds, through colour graining. Red diamonds are found in Australia’s Argyle Diamond Mine, and also in Brazil.
Seeing a natural fancy coloured diamond is truly a treat! Our gemologists, as well as members of our staff are attending the JCK show in Las Vegas May 31-June 3. We will be posting interesting jewellery finds as well as new releases from our brands!